Country houses, cottages, bathhouses and utility buildings are built on the basis of individual and standard projects. The first option has many advantages, as it allows you to meet all the needs of a particular family. However, the preparation of an individual project takes significantly more time. It is important to correctly calculate the type and features of the material that will be used to implement the tasks.
First of all, this concerns its mass and physico-chemical characteristics. For example, modern houses made of gas silicate blocks do not require a reinforced foundation, since their mass is relatively small. But the weight of the structure must be calculated with a high degree of accuracy in order not to make a mistake. At all stages of the implementation of ideas, careful control is carried out, thanks to which the plans are implemented at the proper level.
Other materials may be even more difficult to use. So, the projects of brick houses are even more carefully controlled, since their weight is much greater. It is necessary to accurately calculate the width of the masonry, determine the reinforcing nodes. Various types of bricks are used for exterior decoration and interior partitions. But regardless of the selected material, the design technology will be approximately the same.
Stages of designing a residential building
Preparatory work. The architect and designer hold meetings with the customer of the project, finding out his preferences and taste features. They study the documentation for the site, conducting survey work, which allow us to give an opinion on the possibility of construction in this zone.
Preparation of the sketch. Preliminary drawing is nothing more than a general vision of the future house. Its number of storeys, appearance, artistic and architectural solution is determined. As a rule, the architect prepares several sketches at once, from which the customer chooses the best. This option can be promptly remade by adapting to specific needs.
Development of architectural, engineering and design drawings. The entire package of documents is necessary for the implementation of the task facing builders and designers. The volume includes a master plan, a technological part, a map of engineering equipment and main communications. This document must pass all the necessary approvals stipulated by law.
Project approval. The strictest judge can be called the customer of the work. After he studies all the documents, and the architect and designer answer his questions, the case can be considered resolved. The project must meet all safety, quality and aesthetic requirements. In addition, estimators calculate the approximate cost of implementing the tasks. As a result, the customer has a comprehensive vision of what he will receive after the realization of his desires.
Which is better: a standard project or an individual one??
If you want to get a finished house, cottage or bath in the shortest possible time, then it is better to take the path of least resistance. Typical solutions have already been repeatedly tested in practice and proved their worth. Their implementation takes much less time, as it does not require additional engineering work and calculations.
At the same time, individual projects will make it possible to create a structure that will be completely suitable for your family. This will take a little more time, but it will help to get a wonderful house with a magnificent layout. Such services should be ordered from companies with an appropriate license and experience.