Each building must consist of a foundation, floors, roofs, windows, doors and other elements. Currently, the rental of formwork for the foundation is quite inexpensive. The foundation is called the supporting part of the building, which is underground and can go to the surface. The foundation bears the main load, therefore, it must be calculated and constructed taking into account the strength requirements. The depth of laying the foundation depends on the strength of the soil, as well as the depth of soil freezing in this area. The width of the foundation should be slightly greater than the width of the walls; on the front side of the house, the foundation, protruding in relation to the wall, forms a base.
If a basement and a garage are planned in the house, then the foundation is reinforced with an additional waterproofing layer. The walls that form the outer boundaries of the house are called load-bearing, since they must withstand the weight of the floors, roofs. Walls that do not carry such a load are called partitions. The thickness of non-load-bearing walls should provide sufficient sound and heat insulation of the rooms.
Structures that divide the interior of a building into floors are called floors. They are made of wood, reinforced concrete slabs, placed directly on columns or beams made of wood or also reinforced concrete. The attic roof consists of rafters and a roof laid on a crate.